Definition: The backbone of the Internet is the collection of major communications pipelines that transfer the data from one end of the world to the other. Larger ISP’s such as Comcast and Verizon make up the backbone. They connect through major switching centers called MAE (Metropolitan Area Exchange) and exchange data from each others customers through peering agreements.


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I have a passion for technology and gadgets--with a focus on Microsoft and security--and a desire to help others understand how technology can affect or improve their lives. I also love spending time with my wife, 7 kids, 3 dogs, 4 cats, 3 rabbits, 2 ferrets, pot-bellied pig and sulcata tortoise, and I like to think I enjoy reading and golf even though I never find time for either. You can contact me directly at For more from me, you can follow me on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn.

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